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The extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia


Editors: Willem-Jan van der Wolf, Claudia Tofan

 

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is a special Cambodian court which recives international assistance through the United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials (UNAKRT). The court is more commonly referred to by the more informal name the Khmer Rouge Tribunal or the Cambodia Tribunal.

The Khmer Rouge regime took power on 17 April 1975 and was overthrown on 7 January 1979. At least 1.7 million people are believed to have died from starvation, torture, execution and forced labour during this period of 3 years, 8 months and 20 days. The end of Khmer Rouge period was followed by a civil war. That war finally ended in 1998, when the Khmer Rouge political and military structures were dismantled.

In 1997, the government requested the United Nations (UN) to assist in establishing a trial to prosecute the senior leaders of the Khmer Rouge. In 2001, the Cambodian National Assembly passed a law to create a court to try serious crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge regime 1975-1979. This court is called the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed during the Period of Democratic Kampuchea (Extraordinary Chambers or ECCC). The government of Cambodia insisted that, for the sake of the Cambodian people, the trial must be held in Cambodia using Cambodian staff and judges together with foreign personnel. Cambodia invited international participation due to the weakness of the Cambodian legal system and the international nature of the crimes, and to help in meeting international standards of justice.
An agreement with the UN was ultimately reached in June 2003 detailing how the international community will assist and participate in the Extraordinary Chambers. This special new court was created by the government and the UN but it will be independent of them. It is a Cambodian court with international participation that will apply international standards.

The court can only prosecute two categories of alleged perpetrators for alleged crimes committed between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979:
1) Senior leaders of Democratic Kampuchea; and 2) Those believed to be most responsible for grave violations of national and international law.

The ECCC is currently handling four cases:

Case 001: Defendant: Kaing Guek Eav alias Duch.

Case 002:Defendants: Khieu Samphan, Ieng Sary (deceased) , Nuon Chea, Ieng Thirith (deceased).
Case 003: Defendant: Meas Muth
Case 004: Defendants: Im Chaem (Case 004/01), Yim Tith (Case 004), Ao An (Case 004/02)

This series of The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia is being published by the International Courts Association (ICA). The series is divided into two segments. In the first part of the collection you will find the basic documents on the Court as well as the Case Law information. In 2020 the ICA will add to the collection separate monographs focussing on the cases itself. Find below the overview of the current publications and the forthcomming titles in the start of 2020.

The following volumes are available:

 

 


Overview of the Collection (details)

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 1: Basic Documents on the Court,
Published 2017, ISBN: 9789058879141.

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 2: The Case of Kaing Guek Eav- Part 2,
Published 2017, ISBN: 9789058879158.

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 3: The Case of Kaing Guek Eav- Part 2,
Published 2017, ISBN: 9789058870209

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 4: THE CASE OF KAING GUEK EAV APPEAL JUDGEMENT,
Published 2017, ISBN: 978-90-5887-294-4

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.1 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN TRIAL JUDGEMENT PART 1,
Published 2017, ISBN: 978-90-5887-295-1

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.2 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN TRIAL JUDGEMENT PART 2,
Published 2017, ISBN: 978-90-5887-297-5

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.3 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN APPEAL JUDGEMENT,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-298-2

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.4 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN TRANSCRIPTS PART 1,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-300-2

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.5 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN TRANSCRIPTS PART 2,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-301-9

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.6 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN JUDGMENT PART 1,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-302-6

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.7 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN JUDGMENT PART 2,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-303-3

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.8 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN JUDGMENT PART 3,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-315-6

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.9 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN JUDGMENT PART 4,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-316-3

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.10 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN JUDGMENT PART 5,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-317-0

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 5.11 THE CASE OF NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN JUDGMENT PART 6 ,
Published 2019, ISBN: 978-90-5887-318-7

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 6.1: TRANSCRIPTS KAING GUEK EAV “DUCH” 2009,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-319-4

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 6.2: TRANSCRIPTS KAING GUEK EAV “DUCH” 2010/2012,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-320-0

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 6.3: TRANSCRIPTS KAING GUEK EAV “DUCH” 2012 Part 1,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-313-2

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 6.4: TRANSCRIPTS KAING GUEK EAV “DUCH” 2012 Part 2,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-314-9

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 7.1: IM CHAEM CASE 004/01 Part 1,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-307-1

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 7.2: IM CHAEM CASE 004/01 Part 2,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-308-8

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 8.1: CASE 003 MEAS MUTH Part 1,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-309-5

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 8.2: CASE 003 MEAS MUTH Part 2,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-311-8

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Volume 8.3: CASE 003 MEAS MUTH Part 3,
Published 2018, ISBN: 978-90-5887-312-5

The Trial guides

  1. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-1; THE TRIAL GUIDE PART 1
  2. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-2; THE TRIALS GUIDE PART 2; APPEAL JUDGEMENT CASE 001
  3. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-3; THE TRIALS GUIDE PART 3; INTRODUCTION & CLOSING ORDER CASE 002
  4. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-4; THE TRIALS GUIDE PART 4; CLOSING ORDER CASE 002 FOOTNOTES, DECISION ON ADDITIONAL SEVERANCE OF CASE 002/02 AND SCOPE OF CASE 002/02
  5. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-5; THE TRIALS GUIDE PART 5; CASE 002; TRIAL JUDGEMENT
  6. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-6; THE TRIALS GUIDE PART 6; CASE 002/01; INTRODUCTION & APPEAL JUDGEMENT
  7. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-7; THE TRIALS GUIDE PART 7; CASE 002/02; INTRODUCTION & TRIAL JUDGEMENT PART 1 
  8. THE EXTRAORDINARY CHAMBERS IN THE COURTS OF CAMBODIA VOLUME X-8; THE TRIALS GUIDE PART 7; CASE 002/02; TRIAL JUDGEMENT PART 2

Forthcoming volumes

Will be presented here in the end of October.